Bitcoin is a digital asset often described as a “commodity” because it shares many characteristics with traditional commodities like gold and oil or corn. Like other commodities, supply and demand market forces determine the value of Bitcoin as it trades continuously, 24/7, on various exchanges.
Additionally, just like other commodities, Bitcoin is not backed by any central authority, and it does not derive its value from any particular currency or country. Instead, the market’s perception of its worth determines its value.
One key characteristic that makes Bitcoin a commodity is its finite supply. Unlike traditional fiat currencies, which can be printed or created by central banks, the total supply of Bitcoin is fixed. Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin, capped the supply at 21 million units in the source code. This limited supply means that, as demand for Bitcoin increases, the value of each unit is likely to rise.
Another characteristic that makes Bitcoin a commodity is its decentralized nature. Unlike traditional currencies, which are issued and controlled by central banks, Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that operates on a global network of computers. This decentralized nature makes Bitcoin resistant to censorship and allows for transactions to take place without the need for a central authority.